HIV and Aids
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus, which is an STD that can lead to AIDS in its advanced stages. It’s estimated by the CDC that about one million Americans currently live with HIV, and about one fifth are unaware that they are infected.
HIV is harmful because it destroys blood cells that are vital to the human immune system. When HIV destroys CD4+ T cells, the body is not able to fight disease and infections successfully.
Risk reduction programs for HIV can help people make healthy decisions, which prevent the transmission of HIV. These include teaching best practices for condom use, discussing HIV status, and other risk reduction behaviors.